Mauritius is a small, multi-cultural island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar, northeast of Reunion
and southeast of the Seychelles. Mauritius also controls Rodrigues Island and the remote, sparsely populated Agalega and
Cargados Garayos (Saint Brandon) islands. The island of Mauritius was first discovered by Arab sailors, at some time in the
9th century, the exact date is unknown. At that time the island was uninhabited and covered in a dense forest. The Arab
sailors were not interested in settling on the island which they named Dina Arobi or Dinarobin. Diogo Fernandes Pereira,
a Portuguese sailor found the island in 1505 and decided to give it the name of Cerne. However, the Portuguese did not
settle permanently on the island either.
Tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet,
humid summer (November to May); Natural hazards : tropical cyclones (November to April), most cyclones usually occur
from the end of December until March. Mauritius has only two seasons, winter and summer. There is not much temperature
difference between the two seasons of the year. The climate on the central plateau is cooler than on the coastal areas.