Egypt is a transcontinental country in North Africa and the Middle East with its capital located in its
largest city, Cairo. Egypt also extends into Asia by virtue of holding the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is bordered by Israel
and the Gaza Strip to the north-east, by Sudan to the south and by Libya to the west. The country is bounded by the
Mediterranean and Red Seas (to the north and east respectively) and geographically dominated both by the Nile River
and its fertile well-watered valley, and by the Eastern and Western deserts.
Egypt is perhaps best known as the home of the ancient Egyptian civilization, with its temples, hieroglyphs, mummies,
and - visible above all - its pyramids. Less well-known is Egypt's medieval heritage, courtesy of Coptic Christianity
and Islam - ancient churches,monasteries and mosques punctuate the Egyptian landscape. Egypt stimulates the imagination
of western tourists like few other countries and is probably one of the most popular tourist destinations world-wide.
Ever since the 2011 revolution, tourism has taken a major hit. Because of the downturn
in tourism, expect more persistent and aggressive touts, but prices are lower and you can avoid the gigantic crowds that,
at other periods, were typically overflowing the marvellous sites.
The more recent counter-revolution and Military putsch, like many events of its sort, has brought repression, death sentences
and imprisonment for many Egyptians (and foreign journalists) but has resulted in lower crime and reduced disruption for
well-heeled foreign tourists.