Baku, also known as Baky or Bakı, is the largest city in the Caucasus and the capital of Azerbaijan.
Baku is on the coast of the Caspian Sea on the southern tip of the Absheron Peninsula.
There are three major divisions in Baku: İçəri Şəhər (the ancient city), the Soviet built city, and the newest part of the city.
Heydar Aliyev International Airport  (IATA: GYD) is situated 25 km (15 mi) from Baku city centre. It is served by major
airlines including Aeroflot, Austrian Airlines, Azerbaijan Airlines (AZAL), Buta Airways, Turkish Airlines, Lufthansa and Qatar
Airways, and a whole host of smaller airlines. One of the least expensive ways to get between Baku and Europe is via Aeroflot,
with inexpensive flights to/from Moscow daily.
A curious fact about Baku is that its average year-round temperature (14.2°C/57.6°F))
matches the average temperature of the entire landmass of the earth to within a tenth of degree. Baku has a temperate-continental
The average annual precipitation is about 239 mm. Summers are hot and dry, winters very cool, fairly wet and breezy.